serial multiscreens utility
[ -s ] [ -n number ] [ -t ]
mscreen allows a serial terminal to have multiple login
screens similar to the
Note: For full mscreen support the terminal must have the
ability to switch internal screen pages on command and it must
retain a separate cursor position for each screen page.
The options are as follows:
mscreen can be used on both ``smart'' and ``dumb'' terminals.
Although it is optimized to take advantage of smart terminals with screen
memory, mscreen also works on dumb terminals, although
the screen images are not saved during screen changes.
mscreen also supports terminals with two (or more) serial ports that
are connected to different computers.
Silent mode. This flag suppresses the startup messages,
and on ``dumb'' terminals it suppresses the screen switch messages.
Selects the number of serial multiscreens desired up
to the maximum defined for the terminal type.
If -n is not specified , the default is the maximum
defined for the terminal type.
Disables the transparent tty checking. mscreen normally
exits silently if the terminal device name starts with
the characters ``ttyp''. Device names beginning with ``ttyp''
are used as slave devices for mscreen. The correct
names for the master tty devices begin with ``ptyp''.
mscreen is designed to be invoked from the .profile
or .login files so that serial multiscreens can be started
when you log in (see ``Shell return codes and auto login/logout'').
The ``stop'' and ``quit''
keys allow you to logout from all screens with a
mscreen pseudo terminal usage
The steps to use mscreen are:
set up a serial terminal and enable it
use the command mkdev ptty to configure the pseudo
terminal device files
(/dev/ttyp and /dev/ptyp).
check that the capabilities for the terminal type are defined in
the file /etc/mscreencap or by the environment variable
MSCREENCAP (see ``Configuration'' below)
test mscreen by invoking it directly from the terminal
add mscreen to your .profile (for
or .login (for
mscreen determines the terminal type of the terminal it is invoked
from by examining the environment variable TERM.
mscreen looks in /etc/mscreencap or in the filename
contained in the environment variable MSCREENCAP to get the
capabilities for the terminal type.
The mscreencap file contains
an entry for each terminal type supported.
An entry may have several names if the support for several
terminal types is the same. Within an entry are the key mappings
for each potential pseudo terminal. Each pseudo terminal has
a help key string, an input string (the sequence generated by
the key that selects this screen), and an optional output string
(the sequence to send to the terminal that will cause a page switch).
The input and output strings are in a termcap like format:
(the backslash and caret are special lead in (escape) characters).
If a terminal type has no output strings then it is assumed to be
a dumb terminal that does not have multiple internal memory pages.
an octal number, one to three digits are allowed
escape (hex 1b, octal 33).
enter backslash as a data character
enter caret as a data character
stands for <Ctrl>x where x can be one of:
Effectively, the caret can generate hex 01 through hex 1f.
There are five special entries that allow the user to define keys
to support the other functions of mscreen. The entries are:
the fifth entry is a dummy used for terminals with multiple ports.
prints a list of all of the keys that are currently available
and their functions,
prints the name of the current screen,
terminates mscreen and returns an exit value of zero,
terminates mscreen and returns a non-zero exit value,
The format is:
#this is a comment and may only appear between entries
The specialname is empty for real screen entries.
See the provided /etc/mscreencap for examples.
.mscreenrc usage and format
mscreen automatically assigns pseudo terminal devices
when it starts up. If necessary, you can assign pseudo terminals by creating
a file named .mscreenrc in your home directory.
.mscreenrc contains a list of pseudo terminals to be used, for
Shell return codes and auto login/logout
mscreen exits with a bad (non-zero) return code if there is an
error or when the ``quit'' key is pressed. The ``stop'' key causes
mscreen to exit with a good (zero) return code.
This allows users to place mscreen in the .login
or .profile files. The .login or .profile
files should set up an automatic logout if
the mscreen return code is good (zero).
The following is a csh sample invocation of
mscreen for a .login file:
mscreen -n 4
if ($status == 0) logout
For sh and ksh, add the following line to
if mscreen -n 4 ; then exit ; fi
The single key logout feature of mscreen works as if a normal logout
was entered on each pseudo terminal. A hangup signal is sent to all of the
processes on all the pseudo terminals.
Multiple port option
mscreen provides a dummy entry type. It allows mscreen
to be placed in an inactive state while the user uses his terminal to converse
through another (physical) I/O port to another computer.
See the provided /etc/mscreencap for an example. To use it,
you must take the example and configure it for your needs.
Do not enable the pseudo terminals
used by mscreen for login;
to create its own
process on each pseudo terminal.
Do not switch screen pages in mscreen when output is occurring
because if an escape sequence is cut in half it may leave the terminal
in an indeterminate state and distort the screen image.
Terminals that save the cursor location for each screen often do
not save states such as insert mode, inverse video, and others.
For example, you should not change screens if you are in insert mode
in vi, and you should be careful not to change screens during
an inverse video output sequence.
For inactive screens (screens other than the current one) mscreen
saves the last 2048 characters of data (2KB). Data older than this
is lost. This limit occasionally results in errors for programs that require
more data than this.
Some applications have screen redraw keys (often
<Ctrl>R or <Ctrl>L) that can
be used to restore the normal appearance of the screen.
mscreen has a VTIM timeout of 1/5 second for input strings.
mscreen has a limit of twenty multiscreens per user.
mscreen depends on the pseudo terminal device names starting
with ``ttyp'' for the slave devices and ``ptyp'' for the master devices.
The number of trailing characters in the device name is not significant.
``Using serial multiscreens with mscreen'' in the System Administration Guide
mscreen is not part of any currently supported standard; it is
an extension of AT&T System V provided by The Santa Cruz Operation, Inc.
© 2003 Caldera International, Inc. All rights reserved.
SCO OpenServer Release 5.0.7 -- 11 February 2003